Pearls – Function and Structure

The frequency of functional alterations is much greater than the frequency of detectable “physical” signs.

Many infants are victims of alcohol teratogenesis – for each infant manifesting  signs of “Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder” (FASD) there are dozens who have functional deficits not associated with dysmorphic or IMV signs.

There are two additional companion pearls (Clinical Dilemma – “Genetic Counseling”; Semiology – Telorism – Ocular).