Eye Opening News

(K.T. Williams, et al. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017;135;47-53).
(2017 February)  The Network of JAMA Journals (Amer. Med. Assoc) reported … “… time of outdoors and sunlight exposure was associated with reduced odds for myopia (nearsightedness”) … the highest reduction was for exposures between ages 14 and 29 years.
Comments: the study suggests that ultraviolet B exposure (a marker of sunlight exposure) is associated with reduced myopia. Such association suggests a role of serum Vitamin D
According to the National Eye Institute, in China nearly 90% of recent high school graduates are thought to be nearsighted and among Americans, myopia has soared by 66% since the early 1970’s.
Hypothesis:  perhaps may be related to the screen-watching wich keeps children and teens from sunlight exposures.  What is beyond doubt is a current myopia epidemic (Nature, 18 March 2015).

(The Wall Street Journal, October 8-9, 2016, Holly Fin report).
Ms. Holly Fin notes that “geriatric pregnancies”, in medical parlance “Advanced Maternal Age”, are rapidly increasing in frequency. She cites that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention noted the frequency has increased by as much as 40% from 2002 to 2012. During 2015, women between 40 and 44 years of age delivered 111,611 infants. She cites the anthropologist Sarah Blaffer Hrdy as saying “all the women are more likely to sacrifice themselves on behalf of a needy child”. I wonder, at least from a humanistic perspective, how many children perish from manipulations to render older women fertile since it is well-known that in-vitro fertilization and other costly interventions are associated with high embryo-fetal risks and chromosomal defects. (W. Wertelecki, M.D.)

(Financial Times, September 2016 – extract from a report by Shawn Donnan and another by Chris Flood).
The World Bank notes that the cost of air pollution to the global economy is twice the economic output of the UK and that 50% originates in China and other Asian economies. It also estimates that nearly 60 million lives were lost because of air pollution during 2013 alone. The World Bank team was led by Urvashi Narain, who asserted that China has declared a war on pollution. On the other hand the US presidential candidate, Mr. Donald Trump, expressed his view that the Chinese are “inventing a hoax of climate change”. Nonetheless, the well-known BlackRock investment company expressed that “investors can no longer ignore climate change”. About 1,000 of the world’s largest companies now report estimated carbon prices (carbon emissions as percentage of annual sales) to orient investors and taking action to fight global warming. What is not stressed and should be in these reports, is that air pollution is a cause of prenatal deaths (teratothanasia) and a threat to the developing fetus. (W. Wertelecki, M.D.)